Pamphilius gyllenhali  - Gyllenhaal's Spinner

Widely distributed north to Yorkshire, including south-west England and south Wales and with a separate cluster in the Scottish Highlands (Musgrove, 2022).

Mostly black with yellow markings. In the female, the head is black and flecked with variable yellow markings as is the thorax. The abdomen is largely black above but brownish around tergites 4 and 5 and the lateral margins marked narrowly with yellow.

In the male, the head is more markedly patterned with yellow. The thorax and abdomen above are not dissimilar to the female.

Pamphilius gyllenhali larvae feed singly in rolled leaves of sallow and willows. Goat Willow is preferred.

Jump to other Pamphiliidae

Size: 8 - 11.5mm

GB IUCN Status:Least Concern
GB Rarity Status: None

Distribution: England, Scotland, Wales, Ireland

Flight period: May to June

Plant associations: Salix spp. (willows and sallows) including Salix caprea (Goat Willow), Salix aurita (Eared Willow), Salix phylicifolia (Tea-leaved Willow), Salix cinerea (Common Sallow), Salix myrsinifolia (Dark-leaved Willow).


Benson, R.B., 1952. Handbooks for the Identification of British Insects. Hymenoptera, Symphyta, Vol 6, Section 2(a-c), Royal Entomological Society, London

Liston A, Knight G, Sheppard D, Broad G, Livermore L (2014) Checklist of British and Irish Hymenoptera - Sawflies, ‘Symphyta’. Biodiversity Data Journal 2: e1168.

Musgrove, A.J. 2022. A review of the status of sawflies of Great Britain - Phase 1: families other than Tenthredinidae. Natural England, unpublished

Viitasaari, M. ed., 2002. Sawflies (Hymenoptera, Symphyta), I: a review of the suborder, the Western Palaearctic taxa of Xyeloidea and Pamphilioidea. Tremex Press.