Genus Scolioneura

Scolioneura

Globally there are around seven species of Scolioneura distributed in the palaearctic and nearctic regions. In Britain and Ireland they are represented by one species.

The genus Scolioneura can be characterised within the Fenusini by the following features. The antennae have segments three and four about equal in length. The post-genal carina is present. However, the prepectus is absent. In the forewing, the stub vein 2A+3A is upturned apically. The tarsal claws have a single tooth and a basal lobe.

The larvae feed inside blister mines in leaves of Saliceae, Betulaceae and Ericaceae.

Species list:

Scolioneura betuleti (Klug, 1816)

References:

Altenhofer, E. and Taeger, A., 1998. Zur Kenntnis der Gattung Scolioneura Konow, 1890 (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae). Pflanzenwespen Deutschlands (Hymenoptera, Symphyta). Kommentierte Bestandsaufnahme, pp.225-226.

Benson, R.B., 1952. Handbooks for the Identification of British Insects. Hymenoptera, Symphyta, Vol 6, Section 2(a-c), Royal Entomological Society, London

Digweed, S.C., MacQuarrie, C.J., Langor, D.W., Williams, D.J., Spence, J.R., Nystrom, K.L. and Morneau, L., 2009. Current status of invasive alien birch-leafmining sawflies (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae) in Canada, with keys to species. The Canadian Entomologist, 141(3), pp.201-235.

Edmunds, R. 2008: Scolioneura vicina (Konow, 1894) (Hym-: Tenthredinidae): first records for mainland Britain. - Entomologist's Record and Journal of Variation 120: 129-131.

Goulet, H. 2017: A Second Species of Scolioneura (Tenthredinidae: Heterarthrinae: Fenusini) in Western North America. - Proceedings of the entomological Society of Washington, Washington 119((Special issue 1)): 778-788.

Leppänen, S.; Altenhofer, E.; Liston, A. D.; Nyman, T. 2012: Phylogenetics and evolution of host-plant use in leaf-mining sawflies (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae: Heterarthrinae). - Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, San Diego/Calif. 64: 331-341.

Liston A, Knight G, Sheppard D, Broad G, Livermore L (2014) Checklist of British and Irish Hymenoptera - Sawflies, ‘Symphyta’. Biodiversity Data Journal 2: e1168. https://doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.2.e1168

Liston, A. D.; Michell, C. 2018: Salix herbacea L. as a host of the leaf-mining sawfly Scolioneura tirolensis (Enslin, 1914) (Hymenoptera: Symphyta, Tenthredinidae). - The Entomologist's Monthly Magazine, Brightwood 154: 121-124.

MacQuarrie, C. J. L.; Langor, D. W. & Sperling, F. A. H. 2007: Mitochondrial DNA variation in two invasive birch leaf-mining sawflies in North America. - The Canadian Entomologist, Ottawa 139 (4): 545-55

Nystrom, K.L. and Evans, H.J., 1989. Biological notes on a birch leaf edgeminer, Scolioneura betuleti (Hymenoptera: tenthredinida), new to North America.

Smith, D. R.; Eiseman, C.S.; Charney, N.D.; Record, S. 2015: A new Nearctic Scolioneura (Hymenoptera, Tenthredinidae) mining leaves of Vaccinium (Ericaceae). - Journal of Hymenoptera Research 43: 1-8.