Genus Profenusa

Profenusa

There are fifteen species of Profenus globally distributed across the holarctic region. Two species are present in Britain and Ireland.

The genus Profenusa can be characterised within the Fenusini by the following characteristics. The antennal pedicel is longer than it is broad and the third segment is longer than the fourth. Both the post-genal carina and the prepectus are absent. In the forewing, the stub vein 2A+3A is straight apically. In the hindwing, the radial cell R1 is absent. The tarsal claws have a single outer tooth and a large basal lobe.

Larvae feed in blister mines in the leaves of a broad range of trees and shrubs.

Species list:

Profenusa pygmaea (Klug, 1816)

Profenusa thomsoni (Konow, 1886)

References:

Benson, R.B., 1952. Handbooks for the Identification of British Insects. Hymenoptera, Symphyta, Vol 6, Section 2(a-c), Royal Entomological Society, London

Burks, B. D. 1957: A New Profenusa from the California Plane Tree (Hymenoptera, Tenthredinidae). - Entomological News , Philadelphia 68 (8): 207-210

Labonte, G. A. & Lipovsky, L. J. 1984: Life history of a red oak leaf-mining sawfly, Profenusa alumna MacGillivray (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae). - Journal of Economic Entomology, College Park / N.Y. 77(2): 350-356

Lindquist, O. H. 1973: Notes on the biology of the oak leaf-mining sawfly, Profenusa lucifex (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae) in Ontario. - The Canadian Entomologist, Ottawa 105(1): 127-128

Liston, A. D. 1981: Profenusa thomsoni (Konow) in the Netherlands (Hymenoptera, Tenthredinidae). - Entomologische Berichten, Amsterdam 41: 65-66.

Liston A, Knight G, Sheppard D, Broad G, Livermore L (2014) Checklist of British and Irish Hymenoptera - Sawflies, ‘Symphyta’. Biodiversity Data Journal 2: e1168. https://doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.2.e1168

Martín, J. L. 1960: The Bionomics of Profenusa thomsoni (Konow) (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae) a Leaf-Mining Sawfly on Betula spp. - The Canadian Entomologist, Ottawa 92(5): 376-384

Schönrogge, K. & Altenhofer, E. 1992: On the biology and larval parasitoids of the leaf- mining sawflies Profenusa thomsoni (Konow) and P. pygmaea (Konow) (Hym., Tenthredinidae). - The Entomologist's Monthly Magazine, Brightwood 128(2): 99-108

Smith, D. R. 1966: A new Profenusa (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae) from red oak, with keys to the adults and known larvae of the Nearctic species. - Annals of the Entomological Society of America, Baltimore/Maryland 59: 719-723

Smith, D. R. 1971: Nearctic Sawflies. III. Heterarthrinae: Adults and larvae (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae). - Technical Bulletin, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington 1420: 1-84

Smith, D. R. 1976: World genera of the leaf-mining sawfly tribe Fenusini (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae). - Entomologica scandinavica, Copenhagen 7: 253-260

Sugiura, S. & Yamazaki, K. 2003: Host plant, oviposition behavior and larval ecology of a sawfly leafminer, Profenusa japonica (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae). - Entomological Science, Tokyo 6: 247-251

Togashi, I. 1981: The Japanese sawflies of the genus Profenusa (Hymenoptera, Tenthredinidae), with description of three new species. - Kontyû, Tokyo 49(3): 408-413