There are considered to be 10 species of Dineura primarily distributed across the palaearctic region with one species in the nearctic. There are 3 species present in Britain and Ireland.
The Dineura are best keyed using Liston et al, 2019. The wing venation is variable across the genus and in the forewing vein 2r-rs can be present or absent from the marginal cell and the intercostal vein Sc is usually located distal to the point where vein M joins vein R. The anal cell is widely divided into a basal and apical portion but the basal sector is open. The tarsal claws lack any basal lobe.
Larvae feed on the leaves of Betulaceae and Rosaceae species.
Dineura stilata (Klug, 1816)
Dineura testaceipes (Klug, 1816)
Dineura virididorsata (Retzius, 1783)
Benson, R.B., 1952. Handbooks for the Identification of British Insects. Hymenoptera, Symphyta, Vol 6, Section 2(a-c), Royal Entomological Society, London
Koponen, S. 1981: Outbreaks of Dineura virididorsata (Hymenoptera) and Erocrania (Lepidoptera) on mountain birch Betula pubescens ssp. tortuosa in northernmost Norway. - Notulae Entomologicae, Helsingfors 61(1): 41- 44
Liston A, Knight G, Sheppard D, Broad G, Livermore L (2014) Checklist of British and Irish Hymenoptera - Sawflies, ‘Symphyta’. Biodiversity Data Journal 2: e1168. https://doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.2.e1168
Liston, A., Prous, M. and Vårdal, H., 2019. The West Palaearctic Dineura species, focussing on Sweden (Hymenoptera, Tenthredinidae). Zootaxa, 4612(4), pp.501-517.
Prous, M., Liston, A., Kramp, K., Savina, H., Vårdal, H. and Taeger, A., 2019. The West Palaearctic genera of Nematinae (Hymenoptera, Tenthredinidae). ZooKeys, 875, p.63.
Schmidt, S. & Walter, G. H. 1995: Description of Dineura pullior sp. n. (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae), with quantified observations on saw wear. - Entomologica scandinavica, Copenhagen 26(4): 385-392
Togashi, I. 1995: A New Sawfly Belonging to the Genus Dineura Dahlbom (Hymenoptera, Tenthredinidae) from Japan. - Japanese Journal of Systematic Entomology, Matsuyama 1(2): 169-173
Togashi, I. 1997: A New Species of Dineura Dahlbom (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae) Feeding on Quercus dentata Thunberg (Dicotyledoneae: Fagaceae) from Japan. - Japanese Journal of Entomology, Tokyo 65(1): 195-198