Euura bergmanni (Dahlbom, 1835)

Euura bergmanni (formerly Nematus bergmanni)

The female has a green background colour and is very variable in the amount of black on the body with spring and northern specimens sometimes almost entirely black on the thorax and abdomen. The summer generations exhibit more green colouration. In the summer generation females there is often an anchor-shaped dark mark on the otherwise green scutellum but the scutellum may be entirely green. The ocelli are black but the area posterior to the ocelli is predominantly green often with a black longitudinal line central to the postocellar area.

The male background colour is orange-yellow and the mesopleura are mostly pale and the inner eye orbits are yellow or white. The postocellar area of the male is very short, such that the distance between the hind ocelli and the postoccipital carina is barely greater than the diameter of a single ocellus. The male penis valve is distinctive.

Euura bergmanni larvae are slender and green with a white dorsal stripe, a pale head with a vertical brown stripe through each eye. They feed on various willows. Summer generations develop rapidly and spin a silken cocoon in leaf axils and growing tips. They remain in the cocoon for as little as one week.

Size: Female: 6 - 8mm. Male: 5 - 6mm.

Status: Common.

Distribution: England, Scotland, Wales, Ireland

Flight period: Multivoltine, April to September

Plant associations: Salix spp. (willows)


Benson, R.B., 1952. Handbooks for the Identification of British Insects. Hymenoptera, Symphyta, Vol 6, Section 2(a-c), Royal Entomological Society, London

Liston A, Knight G, Sheppard D, Broad G, Livermore L (2014) Checklist of British and Irish Hymenoptera - Sawflies, ‘Symphyta’. Biodiversity Data Journal 2: e1168.