Craesus septentrionalis (Linnaeus, 1758)

Craesus septentrionalis

One of four Craesus species in Britain and Ireland characterised by the enlarged basitarsal segment. This species is dulled in the centre of the upper part of the mesopleura by coarse, rugged microsculpture so that the punctures are scarcely discernible. Can be difficult to separate this species from Craesus latipes. In septentrionalis the hind ocelli are closer together than the distance to the hind margin of the head (1:1.2). In latipes the hind ocelli are as far apart as the distance from them to the hind margin of the head (1:1).
Larvae feed gregariously on various trees and shrubs but mainly alders and birches.

Size: 8 to 10mm

Status: Common

Distribution: England, Scotland, Wales, Ireland

Flight period: Bivoltine. May to June and July to September

Plant associations: Acer spp. (maples), Carpinus spp. (hornbeams), Corylus spp. (hazels), Fraxinus spp. (ashes), Populus spp. (poplars), Salix spp. (willows), Sorbus spp. (rowans), Alnus spp. (alders), and Betula spp. (birches)

References:

Benson, R.B., 1952. Handbooks for the Identification of British Insects. Hymenoptera, Symphyta, Vol 6, Section 2(a-c), Royal Entomological Society, London

Liston A, Knight G, Sheppard D, Broad G, Livermore L (2014) Checklist of British and Irish Hymenoptera - Sawflies, ‘Symphyta’. Biodiversity Data Journal 2: e1168. https://doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.2.e1168